These instructions apply to all nail-fin installations, regardless of the window range, the configuration or the operation of the product to be installed (e.g. horizontal sliding window, two-sash, fixed, hopper etc.).
NOTE: The insulation sheet to be used according to these instructions is Moistop insulating paper. Other insulating materials that meet the US Federal Standard UU-B-790a Type 1, Grade A, Style 4 can also be used. When using Moistop insulating paper, the paper strips must not be narrower than 12 cm (or wider depending on local regulations).
The insulating paper must be fixed using galvanized nails or corrosion-resistant staples. . It must be applied from bottom to top, along the entire perimeter of the door opening.
- Measure the opening and ensure that the window frame can fit into the opening.
- Apply the first strip of insulating paper horizontally, just below the sill. Cut to a sufficient length that extends beyond each side of the window, protruding at least 7.5 cm beyond the vertical insulation sheet to be applied later (see figure 1).
- Fix the top edge of the sill insulating paper to the frame, but do not mount the bottom edge. This ensures that the weatherproof building paper to be applied later can be placed from bottom to top and behind the window’s insulating paper.
- Place non-porous, non-absorbent, inorganic shims at the sill of the opening with the frame to support the window. Align and level the sill, avoiding its rotation.
- Apply sealant to the back of the aluminum corners, if required, and attach them on the external side of the corners of the mounting flanges (see figure 2a). Apply a continuous line of sealant, 1.2 cm thick, to the back (inside part) of the mounting flange, only on the top and sides. Do not apply sealant to the back of the mounting flange on the sill.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Apply a sufficient quantity of sealant to the inner side of the mounting flange (nail-fin), where the frame sides connect to the sill. Make sure that the sealant covers the entire joint (from the flange to the internal base plate of the window). Extend upwards to a height of 2.5 cm on the sides of the frame and along the sill (see figure 2b).
- If the product has a thermal break or is connected with another product using I-mullions, apply sealant to all corners or joints of the sill pan to ensure that the strip has been sealed (see figure 3a). Place the sill pan on the opening and place it on leveled shims on a full layer of sealant. Apply 2 continuous lines of sealant to the inner corner (on the frame side) of the sill pan (see figure 3b). These sealant lines will seal the inner corner of the installed window frame.
- • Place the window in the opening (see figure 4). Fix it to the top and sides of the frame using non-porous, non-absorbent inorganic shims. . Measure and adjust as required for leveling and weighing, as well as for uniform positioning at the opening of the frame. Make sure that there are no protrusions and dips on the top, sides or sill of the frame.
- • Fix the window along its perimeter using galvanized 6d screws or stainless steel screws or equivalent, at distances of 30 cm between the centers. For casement windows and rotating windows, use additional screws mounted at a distance of 2.5 cm on each side and at the same level as the hinge or rotating mechanism. . Apply sealant to secure all screw heads during installation. The screw should be positioned at a distance up to 15 cm but no less than 7.5 cm in each direction from the corners, in order to prevent deformation of the frame or cracks in joint seals.
- The factory sealing of joints can be damaged during transport, unloading and handling at the time of installation. The integrity of all joints of the frame after installation is your responsibility. Therefore, you should water test all joints to ensure that the product is fully sealed. In case of incomplete sealing, refill the joints and/or reapply sealant to ensure the watertightness of joints and repeat the test as required.
- Immediately before applying the insulating paper at the top and sides of the frame, apply a continuous sealant to the exposed support flange (nail-fin) on the top and sides of the installed window. Also apply sealant to the corners of the frame and along the entire length of the joints of the mounting flanges (nail-fin).
- • On each side of the frame, cover the insulating paper with the sealant on the mounting flange and fix it in place. The insulating paper must be cut sufficiently long to extend at least 7.5 cm past the sill insulating paper and at least 15 cm above the window lintel (see figure 5).
- At the window lintel, cover the insulating paper with the sealant on the mounting flange and fix it in place. The insulating paper must be cut sufficiently long to extend at least 7.5 cm past each side (see figure 6).
- Apply weather-resistant building paper in horizontal layers from bottom to top to complete the installation (see figure 7).
NOTE:If the building paper, the insulation, or other tradesmen’s materials are used as the primary environmental barrier under the exterior wall finish (e.g. plaster, decorative masonry, lining etc.), it is your responsibility to ensure the continuity of the environmental barrier. You should therefore seal the material in the window frame effectively.
- Apply an insulating cord (size depends on the shim gaps and is determined by the installer) and sealant along the entire inner joint between the frame and the building to complete the installation.